Formalizing Probabilistic Noninterference

Andrei Popescu, Johannes Hölzl, Tobias Nipkow

We present an Isabelle formalization of probabilistic noninterference for a multi-threaded language with uniform scheduling. Unlike in previous settings from the literature, here probabilistic behavior comes from both the scheduler and the individual threads, making the language more realistic and the mathematics more challenging. We study resumption-based and trace-based notions of probabilistic noninterference and their relationship, and also discuss compositionality w.r.t. the language constructs and type-system-like syntactic criteria. The formalization uses recent development in the Isabelle probability theory library.



author={Andrei Popescu and Johannes Hölzl and Tobias Nipkow},
title={Formalizing Probabilistic Noninterference},
booktitle={Certified Programs and Proofs (CPP 2013)},
editor={G. Gonthier and M. Norrish},
Isabelle theories in the Archive of Formal Proofs